Bee Kinds Diversity
Away from 2009 in order to 2018, 192 bee range (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila) had been swept up for the Calanques Government Park through both online and you’ll bowl pitfall show. They belonged to half dozen families and you will 38 genera. Megachilidae are some of the extremely groups-steeped family unit members, followed closely by Apidae and you can Halictidae, with 53, 44, and you will 43 groups, correspondingly. Andrena Fabricius, 1775 is simply the latest richest genus, which have 33 diversity, while 7 genera was in fact depicted from the only one varieties (Stelis Panzer, 1806; Protosmia Ducke, 1900; Pseudoanthidium Friese, 1898; Coelioxys Latreille, 1809; Chelostoma Latreille, 1809; Anthidiellum Cockerell, 1904; Amegilla Friese, 1897; Panurgus Panzer, 1806; Supp Dining table step one [on the web just] ). Making use of the jackknife step one and you may dos spiders, the latest bee species fullness is actually projected to-be ranging from ± 9.89 and ± . The fresh new seen fullness for this reason portrayed 71.step three in order to 79.6% of the estimated bee fullness ( Desk 2). The new Chao1 strategy projected the newest viewed richness to obtain 76.8% of your prospective limit fullness ( Dining table dos). The most plentiful species is basically Apis mellifera L. (276 some body), with Rhodanthidium septemdentatum (Latreille, 1809), Rh. sticticum (Fabricius, 1787) (174 and 168 anyone, respectively), and you will Lasioglossum transitorium (Shenck, 1868) (113 some one). Ultimately, 50 categories (26%) was indeed represented because of the one private (singletons).
Environment Features out-of Bees
Regarding your environment services out of nesting need, we knew 59 single bee variety nesting a lot more than floor, 92 unmarried bee variety nesting underground and you may 23 cleptoparasitic variety, comparable to 29.7, 47.9, and you may numerous.0% of one’s complete bee diversity richness, correspondingly. We thought of five private variety (bumble bees and you can honey bees-2.1%). Eventually, the nesting preferences out-of fourteen range are still unknown (7.3%- Supp Table the first step [on the internet simply] ). Regarding the flowery eating plan out-of bee classes, i discovered that 105 systems (54.7%) foraged with the of many plant variety (i.many years., generalist variety, polylectic) and you can 51 species (twenty six.5%) foraged using one plant nearest and dearest if not one/pair plant types (i.many years., professional varieties, oligolectic). On the leftover thirty-six bee range (18.8%), the fresh new floral eating plan wasn’t recognized (elizabeth.grams., with cleptoparasitic types). maybe not, extremely generalist species exhibited a preference for example or several out-of bush family ( Supp Dining table step one [on line simply] ). Towards the forty-two singletons, 14 bee categories (28%) is specialists, and 9 bee varieties (18%) was in fact cleptoparasitic ( Supp Dining table step 1 [on the web only] ).
A keen IUCN status are plentiful for 178 range (excluding this new kinds buildings and unidentified products). The most, 47 types is classified once the research not having (DD-twenty six.4%), 124 varieties have been the absolute minimum worried (LC-69.6%), six varieties is close endangered (NT-step three.4%; Andrena ovatula (Kirby, 1802), Colletes albomaculatus (Lucas, 1849), Dasypoda argentata Panzer, 1809, Halictus quadricinctus (Fabricius, 1776), Lasioglossum prasinum (Smith, 1848), and you will L. pygmaeum (Schenck, 1853)), and something species is believed threatened (EN-0.6%; L. soror (Saunders, 1901)- Supp Table step 1 [on the web only] ). Three oligolectic categories had been among the many 7 threatened bee products. A great. ovatula and you may C. albomaculatus is specialist toward Fabaceae, D. argentata is largely a professional into the Caprifoliaceae.
Off 2009 to 2018, 38 sorts of hover flies (Diptera: Syrphidae) were caught to the Calanques Federal Park. It belonged to help you jaumo 24 genera ( Supp Table dos [on the internet just] ). The quintessential abundant genera was basically Paragus Latreille, 1804 (33 somebody), Meliscaeva Frey, 1946 (14 some body), and you will Sphaerophoria Lepeletier de- Saint-Fargeau Audinet-Serville from inside the Latreille, 1828 (13 someone), whereas 20 types (53%) have been represented throughout the just one personal ( Supp Dining table 2 [on line merely] ). Brand new bee flies (Diptera: Bombyliidae) was in fact portrayed of 20 variety, and additionally five singletons (25%) ( Supp Dining table step 3 [online merely] ). The fresh new quotation off full range richness out-away from hover flies and you may bee flies is anywhere between 83 and you may 97 groups utilising the jackknife 1 and you may 2 spiders, respectively. Thus, brand new viewed richness portrayed 59.8–69.9% of estimated hover fly and you can bee fly richness ( Dining table dos).